Peer review is an essential part of the software development life cycle (SDLC). It is a type of software review in which the author's colleagues
examine a work product(document, code, or other) to evaluate its technical content and quality. Code review is a process by which developers review each other's source code, which not only improves the code but also creates better teams. The code review process encourages the exchange of ideas between the team and provides an opportunity for new developers to gain skills and improve the performance of their code.The ability to easily and thoroughly review documents is critical to ensuring that everyone is up to date, especially when teams are faced with demands and changes in last-minute customer requirements.
Peer review helps measure quality control practices in software development by allowing teams to review their development artifacts early and frequently. The programmer must recognize that the suggested changes are not personal attacks, and reviewers must recognize the programmer's author pride. In addition to correcting errors and improving software quality, code review improves your software development processes and the overall team.The reviewer is quite familiar with the known problems in the codebase and the complexity of the project. Consistent review of all development artifacts helps teams meet specific project and delivery objectives.
Participants should review the code and other materials before the meeting and prepare to discuss their topics without having to re-read the material during the meeting. In these situations, the ability to collaboratively review artifacts breaks these isolation silos and helps everyone meet deadlines and budget objectives.Tools such as Collaborator save time by allowing multiple reviewers to comment and annotate the always-updated version of the document, eliminating the comment reconciliation step required by reviewing Microsoft Word and PDF. Tool-assisted peer review streamlines the process by eliminating scheduled meetings and, at the same time, providing feedback on the code and important technical documents. Therefore, members of the development team know the product in detail and software developers learn to make better estimates of the reviewer's future work.A peer review is a type of static white box test that is carried out to detect defects early in the life cycle that cannot be detected using black box testing techniques.
During a peer review, the code is inspected to identify potential improvements and ensure that business requirements are met. The affected code and other project components, such as documentation, test cases, project schedule, or changes in requirements, should also be available for review participants.A peer review, sometimes referred to as a code review or walkthrough, is a comprehensive, technical and logical line-by-line review of a code module (program, subroutine, object, method, etc.). It is an important part of software development that helps ensure quality control practices are met while also providing an opportunity for developers to learn from each other.